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 Berichttitel: KrAZ
Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 06 jul 2006, 22:08 
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Merk en type: KrAZ 6x4
Eigenaar: onbekend
Land van herkomst: Duitsland
Locatie: Duitsland
Datum: 02-04-2001
Fotograaf/Bron: Gert Poelman

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Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 27 mei 2007, 20:41 
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Merk en type: KrAZ
Eigenaar: Hövelmann
Land van herkomst: Duitsland
Locatie: Duitsland
Datum: onbekend
Fotograaf/Bron: Harm Adams

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 Berichttitel: Re: KrAZ
Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 03 okt 2008, 01:03 
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Merk en type: KrAZ
Eigenaar: Alga
Land van herkomst: Duitsland
Locatie: Hannover (Duitsland)
Datum: 29 september 2008
Fotograaf/Bron: Alex Miedema
Bijzonderheden: foto genomen op de IAA 2008

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 Berichttitel: Re: KrAZ
Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 06 maart 2009, 18:56 
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Shouldn't JAZ get an own topic?

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 Berichttitel: Re: KrAZ
Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 06 maart 2009, 19:06 
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JAZ is predecessor Kraz


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 Berichttitel: KrAZ - the live legend!
Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 28 nov 2009, 11:17 
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This material is not a KrAZ company history, is just a chronology of 6x6 vehicles YaAZ / KrAZ, created for the army, started in the former Soviet Union and continued after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The history of this vehicle, began in 1956, in Yaroslavl, Russia, the factory YaAZ (YaAZ - Yaroslavsky Avtomobilny Zavod). Developed on a project since 1951, the plant YaAZ want to made a 6x6 vehicle for the army, to replace the 6x4 models, YaAZ 210G, with payload of 8 tons, used during that period. The project launched in 1951, called YaAZ 214, was based on YaAZ model 210, was similar in architecture with 210 series, but with transfer case modified to admit the installation of a driving axles in front.
The transfer case of model YaAZ 210, was with 2 speeds, locked symmetrically interaxial differential and independent outputs for each rear axle. On this model, the two driving shafts, runs parallel, from the transfer case to first rear axle: the right driving shaft drive the reducer of the first axle, the left driving shaft drive the driving shaft of the second axle through a coupling mounted on the first rear axle. The vehicle was equipped with an axle with single wheels in front, two rear axles with twin wheels and tires: 12.00-20. Length: 9660 mm, or: 7375 mm (210G), width: 2650 mm, wheelbase: 5050 mm + 1400 mm, or: 4780 mm + 1400 mm (210G), track front / rear: 1950 mm / 1920 mm.

YaAZ 210/210G

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Prototype YaAZ 214 was equipped with 2-stroke diesel engine with 6 cylinders in line, YaAZ-206, similar to U.S. GMC 6-71 engine, with engine capacity: 6981 cc, power: 165 hp, torque: 70.5 daNm, wooden cabin, covered with tin, single disc dry clutch, 5-speeds gearbox and transfer case with 2 speeds, without central differential between front axle and rear axles, with locked symmetrically interaxial differential and independent outputs for each rear axle, the intermediate shaft of the transfer case, drive along with the rear axles differential, the axis of the front driving shaft. This shaft was provided with the possibility of decoupling the front transmission, the vehicle running under normal conditions, only with rear wheels drive. The vehicle was equipped with an axle with single wheels in front, two rear axles with twin wheels and tires: 12.00-20. Length: 9660 mm width: 2650 mm Wheelbase: 5050 mm + 1400 mm Track front / rear: 1950 mm / 1920 mm.

YaAZ 214 prototype

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In 1956, the YaAZ factory decided to introduce in production a new military vehicle with payload of 7 tons, with all-wheel drive axles, equipped with single wheels and equally track. The new prototype taken the technical platform of the YaAZ 214 of 1951, and its name. The new YaAZ 214 chassis was shorter, had a new wooden cabin, covered with tin and straight front grill (cabin that will equiped all series YaAZ 6x4 - 219, 221, 222 and YaAZ 6x6 - 214), was equipped with new engine 2-stroke diesel, 6 cylinders in line, YaAZ-M206B, displacement: 6981 cc, power: 205 hp, torque: 78 daNm, steering with pneumatic booster, single disc dry clutch, 5 speeds gearbox and transfer case with 2 speeds, without central differential between front axle and rear axles, with locked symmetrically interaxial differential and independent outputs for each rear axle, mechanical winch, tires : 15.00-21. Length: 8530 mm, width: 2700 mm, wheelbase: 4600 mm + 1400 mm, track front / rear: 2030 mm.
In 1957, the factory has developed a project for a new range of trucks, including a military 6x6 model called YaAZ 230. This project has never materialized.
In May 1958, the Soviet government developed a plan for reshaping the factories and decided to move the trucks production to Kremenchuk, in Ukraine, to the KrAZ factory (Kremenchuksky Avtomobilny Zavod), YaAZ following to specialize in engines production, thus ending YaAZ trucks production. Subsequently, the name of the factory became YaMZ (YaMZ - Yaroslavsky Motorny Zavod).

YaAZ 214

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The KrAZ factory was founded in 1946 and was focused on the production of combines and agricultural machinery. After the Soviet government decision, KrAZ take over the production lines from YaAZ and, in 1959 begin manufacturing the entire range of trucks YaAZ 6x4 - 219, 221, 222 and YaAZ 6x6 - 214, under the name KrAZ. The new KrAZ 214, facsinile of YaAZ 214, will become the basis of the Soviet army truck, the KrAZ 214 chassis being used for the fitting of various military structures. It was equipped with the new 2-stroke diesel engine with 6 cylinders in line, YaAZ-M206B, Displacement: 6981 cc, power: 205 hp, torque: 78 daNm, steering with pneumatic booster, single disc dry clutch, 5 speeds gearbox and transfer case with 2 speeds, without central differential between front axle and rear axles, with locked symmetrically interaxial differential and independent outputs for each rear axle, mechanical winch, tires : 15.00-21. Length: 8530 mm, width: 2700 mm, wheelbase: 4600 mm + 1400 mm, track front / rear: 2030 mm.
In 1963, was developed the KrAZ 214B model. With this model, was introduced the front hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers, electrical installation has gone from 12 V to 24 V, and the early 60's, 2-stroke diesel engine with 6 cylinders in line, YaAZ-M206B was replaced with the new V8 diesel engine, 4-stroke, YaMZ-238, displacement: 14,866 cc, 215 hp, torque: 80 daNm. Once with the engine, was replaced the single disc dry clutch with a twin disc dry clutch. Since 1966, the power of the YaMZ-238 engine was increased to 240 hp and torque to 90 daNm.

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Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 05 dec 2009, 22:37 
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How can it look a "civilian" KrAZ!



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Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 05 dec 2009, 22:49 
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Great i like the yellow one 8)

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 Berichttitel: Re: KrAZ
Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 09 jan 2010, 19:56 
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Merk en type: Kraz C20.0 6x4
Eigenaar: onbekend
Land van herkomst: Ukraina
Locatie: Ukraina
Datum: 09.01.2010
Fotograaf/Bron:Ninja


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Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 02 mei 2010, 12:30 
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Merk en type: Kraz 260V 6x6
Eigenaar: onbekend
Land van herkomst: Slovakia
Locatie: Bratislava
Datum: 01.05.2010
Fotograaf/Bron:Ninja


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Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 28 aug 2010, 11:18 
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KrAZ 214/214B

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In 1967, KrAZ 214 model was replaced by the new 6x6 vehicle, KrAZ 255B, with payload of 7.5 tons, equipped with the new V8 diesel engine, YaMZ-238, displacement: 14,866 cc, 240 hp, torque: 90 daNm, MAZ steering box with hydraulic booster, pneumatic circuit with valves for tire pressure adjustment, twin disc dry clutch, 5-speeds manual transmission and transfer case with 2 speeds, without central differential between front axle and rear axles, with locked symmetrically interaxial differential and independent outputs for each rear axle, mechanical winch, tires: 1300x530x533. Length: 8645 mm width: 2750 mm, wheelbase: 4600 mm + 1400 mm, track front / rear: 2160 mm.
The factory keeps for the 255B model, the 214 cabin model, which will also equiped all new KrAZ 6x4 models - 256, 257, 258. KrAZ 255B will quickly replaced the 214 model, to be equiped with various military structures, becoming a symbol of Soviet military vehicles.
In 1977, was released KrAZ 255B1 model. This model had headlamps and signal lamps mounted together in rectangular boxes on the front wheel arches and separately front and rear pneumatic brake circuits.

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Ongelezen berichtGeplaatst: 28 aug 2010, 11:19 
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In the '60s, the factory made a few prototypes KrAZ 6x6, from 253 series, or 10x10, from 259 series, with advanced cabins, produced by KrAZ, or other manufacturers (GAZ, KamAZ, MAZ), equipped with front and rear independent suspensions. None of them did not enter in series production.

KrAZ 255B/255B1

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In 1978, KrAZ 255B model was replaced with new 6x6 model, KrAZ 260, with load capacity of 9 tons, equipped with the new V8 turbodiesel engine, YaMZ-238L, displacement: 14,866 cc, 288 hp or: 318 hp (260G), torque: 108 daNm or: 121 daNm (260G), MAZ steering box with hydraulic booster, pneumatic circuit with valves for tire pressure adjustment, twin disc dry clutch, manual transmission 4-speeds synchromesh with reducer, 2 speeds transfer case with lockable asymmetrically central differential between front axle and rear axles, electropneumatically controlled and a single output for rear axles, lockable axial differential, mechanical winch, tires: 1300x530x533. Length: 9005 mm width: 2750 mm, wheelbase: 4600 mm + 1400 mm, track front / rear: 2160 mm.
Among the major updates to the KrAZ 260, may be mentioned: the cabin with new design, developed in two models (first, with the wheel arches incorporated into the engine hood sides, and the second, with the wheel arches outside the engine hood), built entirely of tin -- designed since the early '60s, but fully assimilated in manufacturing, only in 1978 (cab which will equipped both series; 250 - 6x4 and 260 - 6x6) and the 2 speeds transfer case with lockable asymmetrically central differential and one output for rear axles. For this model, the rear driving shaft get into the reducer of the first rear axle, drive the reducer, cross the reducer, leave the reducer from the back side and drive the second rear axle driving shaft - the second rear axle is identically with the first rear axle, but with rear reducer exit blocked by a cap. Between these two axles, there is no interaxial differential. For 250 models - 6x4, retained the architecture of previous models, with the transfer case with 2 speeds, with locked symmetrically interaxial differential and independent outputs for each rear axle.

In the '80s, factory made a few prototypes KrAZ 8x8 with full chassis or articulated chassis, with advanced cabins and some 6x6 prototypes, based on the 260 model. None of them did not enter in series production.

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KrAZ 260

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With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, KrAZ factory loses an important part of the military vehicle market, and the work was focused on modernization and diversification of the cabins and civilian models. In the same period, numbering of the new series was changed. Gradually, on the new series was adapted the single driving shaft transmission for the rear axles, but on the entrance on the first axle reducer was mounted a lockable coaxial symmetrically interaxial differential, electropneumatically controlled, front driving axle will be available for civilian models and the new range of civilian models including chassis with 2, 3 and 4 axles.

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In 1995, KrAZ 260 model is replaced by the new 6x6 model, KrAZ 6322, with payload of 10 tons, equipped with the V8 turbodiesel engines, YaMZ-238BL, YaMZ-238D or YaMZ-238DE2 (Euro 2), displacement: 14,866 cc, 330 hp, torque: 125 daNm, MAZ steering box with hydraulic booster, pneumatic circuit with valves for tire pressure adjustment, twin disc dry clutch, manual transmission 4-speeds synchromesh with reducer, 2 speeds transfer case with lockable asymmetrically central differential between front axle and rear axles, electropneumatically controlled and a single output for rear axles, lockable axial differentials, mechanical winch, tires: 1300x530x533, 1350x550x533, or 16.00-20. Length: 8980 mm, width: 2500 mm (tires: 16.00-20), or: 2720 mm (tires: 1300x530x533, 1350x550x533), wheelbase: 4600 mm + 1400 mm, or: 5000 mm + 1400 mm, track front / rear: 2050 mm (tires: 16.00-20), or: 2160 mm (tires: 1300x530x533, 1350x550x533).
Cabin of these models is completely made of tin, with wheel arches outside the engine hood.

KrAZ 6322

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